Swimage Monthly Newsletter – October 2021

NIST Ransomware Profile

In September, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) issued a report
titled Cybersecurity Framework Profile for Ransomware Risk Management*. This report
contains a Ransomware Profile which provides guidance on helping organizations prevent,
respond to, and recover from ransomware events.

The purpose of the Ransomware Profile “is to help organizations identify and prioritize
opportunities for improving their security and resilience against ransomware attacks.”

The profile suggests the following “basic preventative steps that an organization can take
now to protect against the ransomware threat”:

• Use antivirus software at all times.
• Keep computers fully patched.
• Segment networks.
• Continuously monitor directory services (and other primary user stores) for
indicators of compromise or active attack.
• Block access to potentially malicious web resources.
• Allow only authorized apps.
• Use standard user accounts versus accounts with administrative privileges
whenever possible.
• Restrict personally owned devices on work networks.
• Avoid using personal apps from work computers.
• Educate employees about social engineering.
• Assign and manage credential authorization for all enterprise assets and
software, and periodically verify that each account has the appropriate access

To help recover from a future ransomware event, the following steps are recommended:

• Make an incident recovery plan. Develop and implement an incident recovery
plan with defined roles and strategies for decision making. This can be part
of a continuity of operations plan. The plan should identify business-critical
services to enable recovery prioritization, and business continuity plans for
those critical services.
• Backup data, secure backups, and test restoration. Carefully plan,
implement, and test a data backup and restoration strategy—and secure and
isolate backups of important data.
• Keep your contacts. Maintain an up-to-date list of internal and external
contacts for ransomware attacks, including law enforcement.

The bulk of the report consists of a Ransomware Profile table which provides detailed
guidance and informative references to the NIST Cybersecurity Framework Version 1.1. The
main categories are the five Cybersecurity Framework Functions:

• Identify
• Protect
• Detect
• Respond
• Recover

For purposes of this article, we are focusing on the Recover function. The sub-categories
for the Recover function include:

• Recovery Planning – Recovery processes and procedures are executed and
maintained to ensure restoration of systems or assets affected by
cybersecurity incidents.
• Improvements – Recovery planning and processes are improved by
incorporating lessons learned into future activities.
• Communications – Restoration activities are coordinated with internal and
external parties (e.g., coordinating centers, Internet Service Providers,
owners of attacking systems, victims, other CSIRTs, and vendors).

The report also contains multiple helpful references and resources, including NIST SP 800-
184, Guide for Cybersecurity Event Recovery.

Ransomware risk management is essential for every organization. Cybersecurity
Framework Profile for Ransomware Risk Management provides extremely helpful guidance
to prevent, respond to, and recover from ransomware events.


Swimage + Tranxition Ransomware Recovery

Swimage + Tranxition Ransomware Recovery fits into the NIST Ransomware Profile as a vital
component of the Recover function.

Installation of our Ransomware Recovery solution is a fundamental part of the recovery planning
process. Our software performs incremental backups and stores them in a secured
location. Upon the occurrence of a ransomware event, the systems are automatically rebuilt from
the ground up, from a known good source. This includes the operating system and
applications. Then user data, profiles, and settings are restored from the secure backup
location. This is all completed in about an hour and multiple systems may be rebuilt at the same

Please visit Swimage.com/RansomwareRecovery for more information, including a short video.

We are offering existing customers a special discount for Swimage + Tranxition Ransomware
Recovery. Please contact us to discuss how we can assist with your organization’s ransomware
recovery planning.